Publications & Papers

Monitoring Women’s Political Participation Reports


To purchase these publications, please contact EMPOWER at

Freedom of Assembly and Association Online in Malaysia

Freedom of Assembly and Association in Malaysia: Overview and Case Studies

Year: 2016
Price: Free to download (pdf)
Language: English

This report is part of a series of baseline research conducted by the APC IMPACT project. It assesses the state of freedom of assembly and association in Malaysia, both in its legal restrictions as well as the richness of activism online.

Freedom of Expression Online in Malaysia

Status of Freedom of Expression Online: Malaysia

Year: 2015
Price: Free to download (pdf)
Language: English

This report is part of the baseline research conducted by the APC IMPACT project. It assesses the state of specific internet-related rights in Malaysia, including freedom of expression, by applying the APC-La Rue Framework, a checklist of indicators.

Equality Under Construction: Malaysian Women’s Human Rights Report (2010-2011)

Year: 2012
Price: RM30
Language: English

In this collection of thematic essays, the authors examine Malaysia’s progress to date in meeting its obligations as a signatory to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). The essays take the reader on a journey through the policy process, beginning with ratifying the United Nations convention. The essays demonstrate what a remarkable document CEDAW is. It has motivated policies to end gender discrimination, facilitated discussions about the relationship between discrimination and equality, and provided a context for addressing newly-emerging issues, such as gender identity and women refugees.

Redefining Governance

Year: 2008
Price: RM10
Language: English or Malay

“Redefining Governance: Women’s Rights and Participatory Democracy in Local Government” is the result of a monitoring project by the Women’s Development Collective (WDC). This book emphasises the need for women’s participation in the democratic process. Similarly, it shows how citizens’ participation can effect changes in their lives.

Working For Democracy

Year: 2007
Price: RM10
Language: English or Malay

This book is an attempt to record the transformatory experiences of Malaysian NGOs in their struggles for a democratic and inclusive society. Five case studies were selected based on the varied areas of engagement – poverty, education, youth activism, religious freedom and women’s rights. In turn, the experiences of their related constituencies – the rural poor, youth, and women – demonstrate the array of concerns, conflicts and attempts made to find peace, justice and unity by ordinary Malaysians in their everyday lives.

Forwarding Women’s Rights And Democracy

Year: 2006
Price: RM10
Language: English

In January 2005, the Women’s Development Collective (WDC) initiated a project to monitor and enhance the commitment of elected representatives towards women’s rights and democracy. This was a follow-up to two earlier initiatives that were part of the Women’s Agenda for Change (WAC) and Women Monitoring Elected Candidates (WoMEC) – and sought also to build on past momentum and networks. All three strove to bring about awareness that women’s rights form an integral and inseparable component of democracy.


  • Unaddressed Women’s Rights: A Memorandum
    The result of a roundtable discussion held on 31 October 2011, organised by EMPOWER and SUHAKAM with the participation of civil society, government agencies, and academia. Submitted to the Malaysian government in 2012.
  • Bring Back Local Government Elections
    Commissioned by the Selangor state government and released in 2009, aimed at providing recommendations on how to bring back local government elections in the state.
  • Feedback On Draft KL Plan 2020
    Submitted by the Coalition for Good Governance (CGG) in 2008 to the Kuala Lumpur City Council as a response to a proposed city plan, highlighting concerns over liveable urban environments and supportive administrative infrastructures.